Election Laws


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Section 17-13-18

Candidate with majority of votes declared nominee of party; second primary election; certification of results.

(a) At the respective meetings of the respective executive committees, the county executive committee, as to candidates in the primary election for office, except candidates for county office, shall publicly ascertain, determine, and declare whether any candidate for office in the primary election has received a majority of the votes cast for the office, and, if so, declare the candidate the nominee of the party for the office for which he or she was a candidate and for which he or she received a majority of the votes cast for that office in the primary election.

(b) If no candidate receives a majority of all of the votes cast in such primary election for any one office or offices for the nomination to which there were more than two candidates, then there shall be held a second primary election on the sixth Tuesday following the primary election, and the chair of the state executive committee shall certify to the Secretary of State, immediately upon the completion of such canvass, the names of the two candidates of the party to receive the highest number of votes in the first primary election for such office or offices, except county officers, and who are to be voted for in the second primary election. The chair of each county executive committee shall, immediately upon the completion of such canvass, certify to the judge of probate of the county the names of the two candidates who received the highest number of votes in the first primary for nomination to any county office. The Secretary of State shall, within two business days from the date the certificate is received from the chair of the state executive committee, certify to the judge of probate of any county where a second primary election is to be held the name or names of the candidates certified as herein provided by the chair of the state executive committee. The judge of probate of each county in Alabama shall in the manner and form as required by this chapter and the general laws of Alabama, have prepared and printed all election supplies and all ballots to be voted in the second primary election, which ballots shall contain, under appropriate headings or titles of the offices to be filled, the names of the two candidates for each office so certified by the Secretary of State and the chair of the county executive committee, as herein required, as well as such other matters as are required by this chapter and the general laws of Alabama, on ballots for the first primary election.

(c) At the second primary election, no person can be a candidate except the two persons who receive the highest number of votes for the offices for which they were candidates in the first primary election.

(d) The returns from the second primary election shall be made and the votes canvassed, tabulated, and certified and the results declared in the same manner provided in this chapter for making, canvassing, tabulating, certifying, and declaring the results of the first primary election. The county executive committee of the parties participating in the primary election shall meet at the courthouse of their respective counties not later than the second Friday following the second primary election and receive the returns, canvass and tabulate the same by precinct, and publicly declare the results thereof. The chair of each county executive committee shall forthwith, and not later than noon on the second Monday following the primary election, certify and return to the chair of the state executive committee a statement and tabulation by precincts of the results of the second primary election and of the number of votes received by each candidate for office therein voted for, except candidates for county office. Not later than noon on the third Wednesday following the second primary election, the state executive committee, or such subcommittee thereof as may have been appointed by the chair thereof for such purpose, shall meet at the State Capitol in Montgomery and receive the returns and canvass and tabulate the same by counties, and publicly declare on that day the result thereof as to all candidates voted for, except as to candidates for county office, which results shall be final. At such respective meetings of the respective executive committees, the county executive committee, as to candidates for county office voted for in the second primary election, and the state executive committee, as to candidates for office in the second primary election voted for therein, except candidates for county office, shall publicly ascertain and determine the candidates receiving a majority of all of the votes cast in such second primary election for any one office, and the candidates so ascertained and determined to have received a majority of all of the votes cast in such second primary election for the office shall be declared the nominee of the party for such office by the respective county and state executive committees. Thereupon and immediately upon the completion of such canvass, the chair thereof shall certify to and file with the judge of probate of the county the names of those who have been nominated in the first or the second primary election or as otherwise authorized or provided by this chapter, as candidates of the party for county offices; and in like manner, and immediately upon the completion of such canvass, by the state executive committee, or subcommittee thereof, the chair of the state executive committee shall certify to and file with the Secretary of State the names of those who have been nominated in the first or second primary election or as otherwise authorized or provided by this chapter as candidates of the party for office, except candidates for county office, and the names of the persons so certified shall be placed upon the official ballot of the general election to be held in November next thereafter as the candidates of the party for the offices for which they, respectively, have been so nominated.

(e) The state executive committee or such subcommittee as provided in this section shall also provide the Secretary of State with the second primary election returns by precincts according to county on a form authorized by the Secretary of State on the third Wednesday following the secondary primary, county and municipal returns excepted.

(Acts 1975, No. 1196, p. 2349, §32; Acts 1977, 1st Ex. Sess., No. 69, p. 1493, §1; Acts 1979, No. 79-800, p. 1463, §3; Acts 1988, 1st Ex. Sess., No. 88-908, p. 482, §3; Act 2003-313, p. 733, §2; Act 2006-354, p. 937, §1; §17-16-36; amended and renumbered by Act 2006-570, p. 1331, §59; Act 2014-6, p. 21, §1.)
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